Cindy Alvarez

Signed up? Yes. Converted? No.

As soon as customers engage with a product, they're asking the implicit question "How will this make my life better?"

And most of us are (rudely) leaving them hanging.

We measure conversion funnels that end when a signup is complete, or a purchase made. That's not conversion. Completing a signup flow isn't value. Completing your preferences or linking your Facebook profile isn't value. Downloading an app isn't value. Entering your credit card number or handing over cash isn't value, either.

(This doesn't only apply to software. Customers expect hassle-free returns and money-back guarantees, so even if someone bought your physical product you're not home free yet.)

Your customers aren't really your customers until they've gotten (at least some) value from your product.

Facebook has said that their strong predictor of long-term usage is whether or not you've added 7 friends. People who've added 7 friends stick around. You can imagine that, among 7 people, the odds are good that someone has recently uploaded a funny photo, or announced a major life event, or revealed what your high school ex-boyfriend is up to. That's social value, and you get it pretty quickly.

For other products, the value will be different. It might be sharing a photo, successfully creating a document, viewing a block of data, watching a video, finding that pair of shoes, using a physical product to drill a hole or brew some coffee.

You may not be sure what your customers would consider "value". Ask. Pull out some active users and ask them how they'd describe your product to a colleague or friend. The capabilities they mention will be strongly aligned with the value they're getting.

Not all products are able to provide immediate value. Social products, like Yammer, usually have to deal with a "cold start" problem (if you're the first person in your company to sign up, or even just the first person in your department to sign up, it's unlikely you'll encounter valuable content on your first visit.) In my previous job with KISSmetrics, we weren't able to provide immediate analytics value because customers needed to add a bit of javascript to their websites or products in order to start measuring data. There are plenty of business software products that are useful but not "everyday use" products -- you may not need to create a PowerPoint deck or file your expense report or schedule a conference call right now.

If you can't get customers to see value on the first visit, then a critical part of your onboarding flow needs to be "how do we bring them back?" Unless your product is required to sustain their life or their job, people forget about it. Email, push notifications, retargeting, in-product virality: somehow, you need to remind people to return to your product so they can get value.